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How to grow a lemon plant

How to grow a lemon plant


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Today let's talk about how to grow one lemon plant in pot. The lemon, scientific name Citrus Limon, it's a fruit tree widely cultivated on our territory. If desired, it can be safely sown in pots, in the garden or on the balcony. What matters for healthy and luxuriant growth is to follow the necessary precautions and the right organic cultivation techniques.
To always have at our disposal such a precious fruit, just one lemon tree it may be more than enough. In fact, in full production, a single plant will be able to meet the needs of family consumption. Unfortunately, the lemons that arrive in supermarket counters are in most cases of foreign origin. In addition, they often undergo a series of treatments to have a “commercial aspect” pesticides which make its consumption, especially the peel, strongly discouraged.

In this article we show you how it is possible to grow a lemon plant in a pot using absolutely natural techniques. And above all, we will show you how to defend it in a biological way from the various parasitic attacks that this plant can suffer.

The lemon plant


The lemon plant is an evergreen tree crop native to India, belonging to the Rutaceae family.
Although it is a well-defined species from an agronomic point of view, the lemon tree is considered a natural hybrid between two different citrus species: cedar (Citrus Medica) and lime (Citrus Aurantifolia).
In the Mediterranean basin, the introduction of the lemon tree dates back to the early twelfth century. The importation took place in Sicily, by the Arabs. It was then Christopher Columbus who exported it to the South American continent, where it is currently widespread. The countries of South America, in fact, are today among the first world producers.

Botanical characteristics of the lemon plant


The lemon tree grown in the open field, without pruning, can reach up to 6 meters in height. It is also perfectly suited to growing in pots, but remaining smaller in size.

The lemon tree has an open habit. The branches that produce fruit are protruding, that is, bent towards the ground. All branches are typically thorny.
The leaves are arranged alternately on the branches. They have an elliptical shape and are dark green on the upper page and lighter in the lower part.

Flowering

THE lemon flowers, typically very fragrant, they occur solitary or in pairs. They are arranged in the axil of the leaves and are white with shades of purple in the lower part.

A salient feature of the lemon tree is its aptitude for re-flowering, that is, with favorable climatic conditions, flowering is repeated at different times of the year.
However, the main period is spring, from which the winter lemons are born, and the beginning of autumn, from which the verdelli lemons are born, which ripen in the following summer.

The fruit

The lemon is easily distinguished from other citrus fruits due to its typical conformation which varies from oval to elliptical. In the final part, this fruit has a protuberance called umbo, which in the different varieties can be more or less pronounced.


The peel is wrinkled, usually yellow, but there may also be varieties with green or whitish peel. Also depending on the variety, the skin can be more or less thick.
The pulp of the fruit is divided into 8-10 wedges, it is very fleshy and has a typical sour taste.
The seeds are contained within the pulp, but there are some varieties that lack them.

Main varieties of lemon trees

As for the varieties of lemon plants present in our country, there are several now recognized as typical. Of course, there are also many foreign varieties of some agronomic interest.
Among the most common lemon cultivars in Italy we remember:

  • Common Feminine
  • Monachello
  • Feminello Bianzo Zagara or Feminello Fior d’Arancio
  • Interdoned
  • Feminello from Syracuse
  • Feminello Continella

Many of these varieties are typical of Sicily. In fact, this region holds 85% of the national production of lemon trees.
Among the foreign varieties the best known are:

  • Eurek
  • Lisbon
  • Bern
  • Mesero
  • Galician
  • Genoa
  • Karystini

Propagation and rootstocks

The lemon plant can be reproduced by cutting or by seed. However, it is recommended to graft it when it has reached a certain maturity.
The main rootstocks are different, and they are:

  • Free rootstocks
  • Volkamerian lemon
  • Alemow
  • Cleopatra mandarin
  • Bitter orange, the latter however incompatible with some, for example the "Monachello"

For inexperienced growers it is recommended to start with an already grafted plant from a nursery certified organic. It is important that the label identifying the rootstock is clear.

Climatic conditions of cultivation

Lemon is a very sensitive plant to low temperatures, much more than other citrus fruits.
If temperatures drop below freezing for an extended period, the risk is that the lemon tree will defoliate completely.
Temperatures below -5 ° can also damage the wood and therefore compromise the life of the tree.

The lemon tree is very delicate, so in addition to being afraid of frost, it also suffers from scorching heat in the summer months. The latter, if prolonged, can compromise the proper ripening of the fruit.
Another known sensitivity of lemon is to the wind. It will therefore be necessary to choose an optimal location in our garden.
We will see shortly how these characteristics affect the pot cultivation of the lemon plant.

Cultivation of the lemon plant in pots

The lemon tree has excellent productivity, moreover prolonged over a long period of time. Being, as we have said, a delicate plant, its cultivation in pots gives us the possibility to protect it more easily. For this reason, this cultivation is recommended in the home. With the necessary precautions, it can be practiced valid at all latitudes.

Exposure and protection

It is very important to choose the right exposure for the lemon tree. The advantage of growing in pots is to be able to move the plant according to its needs and the season under consideration.
In winter, the ideal would be to place the lemon tree in a very sunny and bright area of ​​the garden. In this way the temperatures during the day should not drop excessively.
To further protect the plant in the coldest period, it is advisable to use protections. The most common is the one that involves the use of a non-woven fabric cover. With the use of this sheet, the tree will be protected from frost.

More extreme climatic cases

In extreme cases, with strong temperature variations between day and night, and especially when the lemon tree is still young, the pot can be moved to the inside of the house entrance.
In this case it is advisable to proceed gradually, in order to avoid excessive stress on the plant. Also, avoid placing the pot near a radiator.
Of course, if placed inside, the plant will not need the protective sheet.

Another rule to follow in choosing the optimal placement of the plant is to avoid excessive exposure to winds. As we have seen, in fact, the lemon suffers a lot from drafts.
A rational choice may be to place the pot near the external walls of the house. Better if the area is sunny, but at the same time sheltered from the wind (southwest).

Topsoil

We come now to the topsoil to be used to prepare our lemon plant in pot.
The ideal is a soft and porous soil, amended with organic substance, such as compost (better if produced by you, as we explained above) or, alternatively, a good one fertilizer for lemons it can be pelleted manure (which you can instead buy here).

A lot of care must be taken for the preparation of the bottom of the pot, which must be draining at the right point. This will avoid dangerous water stagnation which can compromise the vitality of the plant's root system.
For this reason it is recommended to use a fund of expanded clay of at least 4 cm.

Irrigation

L'irrigation of the lemon plant follows, if you like, the seasonality. In the autumn and winter period, watering must be sip and limited. Particular attention, on the other hand, will need to be paid in spring and summer.
The substrate that houses the plant must always be well moist, especially if it has recently been potted. Be careful not to overdo it and, as we have already said, absolutely avoid water stagnation in the saucer.
If you notice some leaf yellowing, this is a good indication that the tree needs more water.

The transplant period, the choice of the pot and the repotting

The ideal time to start growing a potted lemon plant is early spring. In this season the risk of frost is now averted. So let's now try to understand how to concretely carry out this transplant.

Let's assume that you choose a lemon plant already grafted into an earthen loaf of 20 cm in diameter. The diameter of the pot in which this will be placed must be of a size such as to ensure that the crown of the plant can be contained within the pot. Or, at the limit, it will have to be less than 1/3.

We are therefore talking about a vase with a diameter of 30-40 cm and a depth of at least 40. We strongly recommend the use of outdoor pots terracotta, better to avoid plastic pots. This is because the garden pot in terracotta ensures a better temperature of the root system, avoids overheating and excessive cooling and helps drain excess water.

A fundamental secret for the success of the transplant is to cover the lemon tree with earth, up to the attachment of the trunk (no further). Doing so will avoid annoying pollen formations. But there is another important precaution to follow.

To properly grow the potted plant it will have to be periodically repotted.
Usually the first repotting takes place after two years. The recommended time to do this is always spring.
The new pot for the plant, of course, it will have to be bigger and bigger, from 15-20 cm in diameter more.
When the lemon tree is an adult, repotting can be delayed and carried out every 3-4 years.
The last repotting, the definitive one, will take place in an 80 cm diameter pot.

Pruning

Lemon plants, like other citrus fruits, need somewhat limited pruning. The best time is the end of winter, in order to give the plant time to regenerate with the arrival of spring.
The plant will have to be eliminated suckers and of suckers, in order to give more energy to the ramifications that will bear fruit.
Other parts of the plant to clean are dry or frost-damaged branches. Removing these damaged parts will promote the vigor of the plant.

Collection

Harvesting lemons in the home does not require particular indications. The fruits can remain on the plant for a long time, so it is advisable to pick them when they are fully ripe and when needed.
In intensive cultivation, on the other hand, lemons are often harvested when they are still green. This is because the lemon, unlike other citrus fruits, ripens even when it has been detached from the plant.
This type of early harvest then involves manipulation interventions, with fungicide treatments and waxing. More further treatments to make them mature even later. For this reason we strongly advise against consuming the peel of non-organic lemons. With this type of treatment, the peel is not safe at all.

Obviously this problem does not arise for our organic lemons, of which we will not throw anything away. In this case the peel can be used for different preparations, one above all the limoncello!

Biological defense against parasites

Unfortunately, lemon plants, like other citrus fruits, are quite prone to pest attacks. Let's see how to defend them adequately.

The most dangerous is certainly there cottony cochineal of citrus fruits, which we have already told you about.
The cochineal causes smokiness, the progressive drying of the leaves, ruins the flowers and therefore prevents fruit setting.
Against cochineal you can wash with pure Marseille soap, subsequently removing the fumaggine using a brush.
In cases of more serious attack, the Marseille soap and water solution can be addedneem oil. This ancient natural remedy is very effective against this annoying pest insect.


Photo 15 - cochineal attack on leaves

Other annoying pests of lemons are aphids and whiteflies.
Against these insects it is advisable to act first with the nettle macerate and the macerated garlic. But if the attack were to be of strong intensity, intervene with natural formulations based on azadirachtin.

Particular attention, then, is to be paid to fungal diseases, such as "dry sickness", unfortunately very common on lemon trees. But this type of pathologies we will dedicate future studies.

It might also interest you

Organic cultivation

Organic Cultivation is a blog that was born from our desire to spread the good practices of organic farming. To do this we decided to give our knowledge to anyone who wants to get involved and create their own vegetable garden (even using a terrace or a simple balcony). Growing without the use of pesticides is possible and we want to prove it by presenting alternatives biological and effective for any type of problem linked to agriculture.


Lemon plant, how to grow it

The lemon is a plant commonly grown in Italy especially in the warm lands of the South.

Lemon is a tree that it can grow up to 6 meters in height if not content with pruning.

Her structure is quite shrubby even if it still has a central stem like all trees and it is also an evergreen which means that it does not lose its leaves in autumn like most plants.

Originally from India, it then found spread all over the world with particular preference for the Mediterranean climate, when, after the 12th century, the lemon tree was imported to the lands of Sicily.

The lemon plant

The lemon is botanically a natural hybrid called Citrus Limon which was born from the cross between the cedar (Citrus Medica) and lime (Citrus Aurantifolia).

It belongs to the Rutaceae family, its posture is in fact similar to other plants such as the myrtle the leaves of the lemon are elliptical in shape, dark green on the upper side and quite leathery when adults.

The lemon flowers are white in color and positioned alone or in pairs.

These bloom in the armpit of the leaves and have a truly exquisite scent, so much so that they are highly prized for production of cosmetics and perfumes.

The lemon produces its flowers in spring but often has re-blooms during the year thus allowing to have fruits to be harvested in different periods.

This second flowering occurs when the plant feels some favorable growing conditions, furthermore, certain varieties of lemons are selected precisely for this characteristic.

Flowers that bloom in spring produce lemons in winter while flowers that bloom in autumn produce so-called green lemons that ripen the following summer.

The lemon fruit is well known to all of us and has one elliptical ovoid shape with wrinkled skin, rich in essential oils and slight pretuberances.

The skin color is usually yellow but some varieties are more green or whitish.

The edible part of the fruit are the internal wedges that contain the typically sour tasting juice. In addition, some seeds are also present in the pulp but not all varieties contain them.

Read also Benefits of lemon: juice and zest >>

Cultural needs of lemon

Lemon is a plant that it needs a soil rich in organic substances, soft and well drained.

It is advisable put a layer of drainage material like stones and expanded clay in the ground placed at the bottom of the pot or in the hole in the open field. This because lemons suffer greatly from water stagnation.

For pot-grown lemons it is advisable to use a suitable citrus fertilizer and in any case the organic substance is the best fertilizer also for the cultivation of lemons in the open field.

The water needs of the lemon are not many, it needs to seasonal irrigation especially for the first years of cultivation and during the hottest summers.

In autumn and winter, irrigation must be very limited, while from spring we will be able to give more water but always with measure so as not to run into stagnation.

The soil must always be dry between one watering and another. Lemon loves the sun and therefore prefers positions exposed to direct rays.

In reverse cold areas must be avoided and air currents. The south side wall of the house is usually the ideal location for growing the lemon tree.

How to grow lemon

Lemon plants are usually purchased directly to agricultural or nurseries where you can choose and get advice both on the varieties of lemons and on the best conditions for growing them.

The saplings of lemons that we buy are in fact already grafted with the desired production variety and this allows to have a seedling ready for cultivation.

Of course it is also possible to start from sow the seeds and wait for the sapling to be large enough to proceed with the grafting technique, but this way is to be left to the most experts in the sector.

The lemon seedling is usually contained in a stick of earth of about 20 centimeters which is placed in a hole or even in a vase.

In the bottom we must have already placed it underlying drainage layer and humus-rich citrus soil.

The best time to do the planting is spring when the frosts are over now. In winter, lemon trees need to be sheltered from the cold and we can do this by moving the pots to milder areas or by protecting them with nonwoven fabric.

When the lemon trees begin to grow we can decide to prune them or let them develop naturally. Pruning is done in autumn and helps to give more harmony to the shape of the tree and to remove any dead or damaged branches.

For the cultivation of lemon we will also need check that no insect infestations occur such as aphids, spider mites or even other diseases.

To do this it is important observe the leaves and obviously the whole plant as well in order to identify any problems and thus be able to intervene promptly with natural products exactly as a farmer would do in "organic farming".


How to grow a lemon plant - garden

Unmistakable for the smell and morphology of the leaves, the lemon plant it is the typical crop that is always useful both in the garden and at home. Simple to manage, the lemon plant in pot it only needs some precautions but in return it can give the satisfaction of picking fragrant and juicy fruits.

Lemon cultivation: a story with deep roots

The traces of its cultivation are lost in antiquity. Historical documents would trace the origin of the crop to China as early as the year 1000 AD. Citrus limon, this is its Latin name, was cultivated in ancient times in the Assam region of India and in northern Burma. Genetics would attribute it to a hybrid obtained from the cross between cedar and bitter orange. For some variety of lemons, the tree can reach up to 6 meters in height but has always been used for ornamental purposes in pot cultivation. The white and violet buds and petals have always been characterized by their beauty in portraits and works of art. At home in subtropical climates, the plant has adapted particularly in Italy. Starting from the areas of Lake Garda and passing through the famous lemons of Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast, with Ischia and Syracuse there are many excellences in the beautiful country.

How to start from the seed, little tricks for planting lemon

There are interesting ideas for plant a lemon, there are different techniques available to those who want to try their hand at this crop starting from the seed. Who sow lemon he must have more patience but gain a greater advantage at his disposal to subsequently cultivate the potted plant since he will be able to adapt its growth to the needs of the environment from the very beginning. The classic way to plant lemon seeds provides:

  • use of soil for citrus fruits in a vase with a diameter of 30 centimeters
  • regular watering until lemon seeds sprout: it takes four to six weeks
  • organic fertilization after sprouting.

An alternative way is to planting lemon seeds in cotton hydrophilic. Just use a simple plastic cup or a bottle bottom and some cotton wool inside which to store the seeds. Spraying with water for six days, the first roots will appear. After two weeks, la newborn lemon plant.

To obtain a lemon plant in the cupInstead, you will have to soak the seeds and use those that sink, remove the skin that wraps the seed and leave the seeds in the water for a couple of days. Place some damp earth on the base of a cup, arrange the seeds, cover the cup with stones and wait 15 days to see the seedlings appear.

Growing in pots: flowering lemons and storage

The repotting lemon it is essential to ensure their healthy growth. When the plant reaches 15-20 centimeters in height, the pot can be changed. Repotting should be done progressively towards June and every 2-3 years until reaching a container of 70-80 centimeters in diameter. The plant is particularly long-lived and produces from the age of four. Some species, which are borne all year round, can however keep worse and reduce their life span.

Cultivation: what are the optimal conditions?

Grow lemons in pots it does not require any particular preparation but it is necessary to follow some small precautions. The size of the vase for lemon they are essential as you will need at least 30 centimeters in diameter. A smaller container can limit the development of the root system so the plant can suffer. The lemon in a pot too large it may not receive adequate conditions for humidity, root development and harmonic vegetation. A medium-textured soil with peat, manure and clayey soil on draining material is to be preferred. L'lemon tree in pot it prefers south or west exposure, sheltered from north winds and frosts. Where winters are more severe, it is advisable to keep the lemon plant in the house or otherwise sheltered.

Take care of the lemon tree, how to optimize the product even in pots

The care of the potted lemon has some peculiarities. Irrigation is articulated so it can vary depending on the environmental and climatic conditions. As a guideline, it is recommended to water at least once a day in summer and only once a week during winter. Controlling the humidity of the clod can be a way to regulate yourself. Pruning can take place from the end of winter until the end of summer. The principle is to favor the penetration of light and reduce the vertical growth of the "suckers". It is good to keep the curved branches and avoid breeding pruning in young plants. A valid fertilization integrates the organic one with mineral fertilizers in complex granular fertilizers ideal for citrus fruits. By opting for slow release products, the distribution of nutrients is effective.

The lemon, properties and ideas in the kitchen

The properties of lemon make it excellent to use this citrus fruit for home cleaning, for beauty products, but above all it has always accompanied a healthy and balanced diet. Drinking lemon water in the morning can facilitate antioxidant functions in favor of HDL cholesterol, the good one that protects blood circulation. The cleansing effects can also help control cellulite. It is in the kitchen that the lemon is able to express all its potential. The lemon sorbet and the lemon cake they are the kings of dessert. In addition to the classics escalopes with lemon, even the pairing of ginger and lemon can give rise to dishes that conquer the palate.


Where it is sown and cultivated

You can grow your own lemon tree directly in the soil of your garden, which will make its growth smoother and free, but you can also arrange it in a jar and keep it on the balcony, in the house, or in the garden itself. Of course, if planted (or transplanted) without a container, the plant will have the opportunity to grow more (it can reach up to 6 meters in height), while in the pot it will remain smaller in size.

Because of its very high sensitivity to variations in temperature, if you live in an area with variable climate, it is strongly recommended to cultivate it in pots, which will allow you to keep it more protected. However, the plant must be placed in sunny place and protected from drafts, possibly in a jar of terracotta avoiding plastic ones.


How to grow lemons in pots

Lemons, how to grow them? If you have gods at your disposal organic lemons, a garden, a large balcony or a terrace, you could try to grow in pots this small citrus plant, which is well suited to the climate of all regions of Italy.

Grow lemons in pots it requires some precautions, but it can give great satisfaction, starting from the possibility of having at the disposal of always fresh and fragrant fruits.

PLANT THE SEEDS

You can decide to bury one of the preserved seeds in a seedbed or directly in a round pot with a diameter of about 30 centimeters, to be filled with well-draining soil and under which to place a saucer. The ideal temperature for the germination is around 15 degrees. Therefore the period indicated for sowing is in the spring months.

The germination period could be prolonged 4 to 6 weeks, and even beyond, depending on the climate and outside temperatures. It is therefore necessary to be patient and water your pot regularly, keeping the soil surface moist. It is advisable to use a spray container for this.

GROW LEMONS PLANT

During the growing season, the lemon plant will need to be watered regularly, to maintain the always moist soil, at the same time avoiding the formation of water stagnations in the saucer, which could compromise the resistance of the roots. Once the plant has become sufficiently robust and has reached aheight of at least 15-20 centimeters, a repotting can be carried out.

WHERE TO PLACE THE PLANT

To the soil can be added some homemade compost to the extent of 10%. It is advisable avoid plastic pots and prefer stone or terracotta garden pots, so that the plant does not suffer. The positioning of the pot must take place in an area that is both sunny and sheltered from drafts. For this reason we usually tend to place the pot a short distance from the external walls of the house, along one of the sunny sides.

It's important place the lemon tree in shelter when he will have to face his own first winter. Younger plants can be placed in the internal part of the entrance to the house or in a tavern where the light can filter abundantly during the day and where there is a temperature of no less than 12 degrees. In the following winters, depending on the climate of your region, you will be able to evaluate whether to move the lemon pot inside or to simply repair it with special cloths. In any case, it is necessary to avoid excessively heated internal areas of the house and the positioning of the pot of lemons near entrance doors or radiators.

Your lemon plant should be guaranteed exposure to sunlight for at least 6-8 hours a day, especially during the summer.

WHEN TO CHANGE THE VASE

The repotting will be carried out every two years and during the growth of the plant it will be possible to proceed to pruning, so that its foliage can take the desired shape. In other cases, it can be allowed to grow freely. The ideal period for repotting isearly spring, with particular reference to the month of March.

The transfer of the pot of lemons from the outside to the inside, or vice versa, depending on the season, must be carried out as gradually as possible, in order to prevent the plant from suffering trauma. The ideal period of pruning is the end of winter, so that the plant will be ready to regenerate with the arrival of spring.

In the case of adult plants, repotting can be thinned out for up to four years. It is important to act on the pot diameter, bearing in mind that it must correspond to the expansion of the foliage of the lemon tree. An adult plant may require a pot with a diameter of 80 centimeters. Once these dimensions have been reached, repotting can be considered definitive. Lemon trees grown in pots tend to suffer more from both drought and cold, which is why it is so important to take care of them. correct positioning throughout the year.

Sown lemon plants tend to produce less fruit and in longer times than grafted plants. However, this is not a hard and fast rule. As we well know, it is nature that dictates the flowering and ripening times of the fruits. To make sure you enjoy a lot of fruit within a few years, it is usually recommended to do a grafting. Il periodo migliore per l’innesto è la primavera e la tecnica più adatta per eseguire lo stesso viene definita “tecnica della gemma dormiente”.

Durante la fioritura e soprattutto nel corso della formazione dei primi piccoli frutti, potrebbero essere necessarie annaffiature maggiori, che dovranno interessare esclusivamente la base della pianta, al fine di non rischiare di rovinare le foglie. La presenza di foglie di colore giallo è indice di annaffiature insufficienti, potrete dunque regolarvi di conseguenza. Le piante di limoni sono effettivamente delicate, ma con le giuste cure ed attenzioni potranno accompagnarvi per anni con i loro frutti freschi e con il loro inconfondibile profumo.


Occorrente

Se volete farla crescere in modo rigoglioso concimatela almeno una volta al mese, spargendo sulla superficie del terreno un concime specifico. Infine va travasata annualmente. Cambiare la terra fa crescere la vostra piante in modo più rigoglioso. Il travaso si dovrebbe effettuare in primavera. Basta estrarre la pianta e sfoltire un po' le radici, successivamente trasferirla in un vaso con nuovo terriccio e concime. Dopo innaffiate abbondantemente.

La coltivazione del limone può avvenire anche nel vaso, bisognerà però avere alcune accortezze in modo che la vostra pianta stia in salute e sia rigogliosa. Pertanto quando acquistate la vostra pianta di limone dovete anche acquistare un vaso abbastanza capiente, ma non esagerato rispetto alla pianta. Posizionate il vaso in un angolo del terrazzo, preferibilmente a ridosso di un muro che protegga la pianta dal vento e dalle intemperie nel periodo freddo. Un altro accorgimento è quello di orientarla verso sud, esposta al sole. Una volta scelto il posto dove sistemarla dovrete averne cura in questo modo. Per prima cosa il limone è una pianta che ha molto bisogno di acqua pertanto durante il periodo estivo è consigliabile bagnarlo una volta al giorno. In inverno invece non sarà necessario ma bisognerà tenerlo d'occhio e verificare che la terra non diventi troppo secca, in quel caso dovrete bagnarlo.

Per quanto riguarda la potatura, questa è necessaria solo per eliminare eventuali ramificazioni e foglie rovinate dalle intemperie. Se i rami sono cresciuti in maniera esagerata, potare solo la parte più esterna per dare una forma più contenuta alla pianta e permettere la crescita dei rami portanti i frutti, facendo però attenzione nel non eliminare i germogli. Se la vostra pianta si troverà bene in primavera fiorirà e da quei piccoli fiorellini nasceranno i limoni. Il frutto potrà stare attaccato alla pianta anche tutto l'inverno e potrete servirvene nel momento del bisogno staccandolo delicatamente dall'albero.


La pianta di limone

La pianta di limone è una coltura arborea sempreverde originaria dell’India, appartenente alla famiglia delle Rutaceae.
Per quanto sia una specie ben definita dal punto di vista agronomico, l’albero di limoni è considerato un ibrido naturale tra due diverse specie di agrumi: il cedro (Citrus Medica) e il lime (Citrus Aurantifolia).
Nel bacino del Mediterraneo l’introduzione della pianta di limone viene fatta risalire agli inizi del XII secolo. L’importazione avvenne in Sicilia, ad opera degli Arabi. Fu poi Cristoforo Colombo ad esportarla nel continente sudamericano, dove attualmente è ampiamente diffusa. I paesi del Sud America, infatti, sono oggi tra i primi produttori mondiali.


Video: How to Grow Lemon at Home Fast and Easy


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